AGENCY: National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS), National Oceanic and 
Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), Commerce.

ACTION: Temporary rule; fishery closure.


SUMMARY: This final rule closes the Hawaii shallow-set pelagic longline 
fishery in compliance with an order of the U.S. District Court for the 
District of Hawaii.

DATES: Effective May 8, 2018, through December 31, 2018.
    Compliance date: May 4, 2018, through December 31, 2018.


SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: In a January 30, 2012, NMFS completed a 
biological opinion (BiOp) on the effects of the Hawaii shallow-set 
longline fishery, pursuant to the Endangered Species Act (ESA). In the 
BiOp, NMFS concluded that the continued operation of the Hawaii 
shallow-set fishery, as managed under the regulatory framework of the 
Fishery Ecosystem Plan for Pelagic Fisheries of the Western Pacific 
(FEP), was not likely to jeopardize the continued existence of any ESA-
listed species, or result in destruction or adverse modification of 
designated critical habitat.
    The BiOp established an annual incidental take statement 
authorizing the fishery to interact with up to 26 leatherback and 34 
loggerhead sea turtles. Consistent with the BiOp, NMFS revised its 
regulations establishing annual limits on allowable incidental 
interactions between the fishery and leatherback and North Pacific 
loggerhead sea turtles (77 FR 60638, October 4, 2012, codified at 50 
CFR 665.813). If the fishery reaches either of the interaction limits 
in a given year, the regulations require NMFS to close the fishery for 
the remainder of the calendar year.
    In the U.S. District Court of Hawaii, several plaintiffs 
challenged, among other things, the NMFS final rule that revised the 
annual sea turtle interaction limits, and the Court ruled in favor of 
NMFS on all claims (see Turtle Island Restoration Network, et al. v. 
U.S. Dept. of Commerce, et al., (U.S.D.C. 2013), Civil No. 12-00594). 
Plaintiffs appealed the Court's decision and, on December 27, 2017, a 
U.S Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals panel issued a split decision 
affirming the NMFS BiOp regarding leatherback sea turtles, but holding 
that NMFS was arbitrary and capricious in its no-jeopardy determination 
for North Pacific loggerhead turtles (see Turtle Island Restoration 
Network, et al. v. U.S. Dept. of Commerce, et al., 878 F.3d 725 (9th 
Cir. 2017)).
    All parties agreed to settle the case pursuant to the terms 
outlined in a May 4, 2018, Stipulated Settlement Agreement and Court 
Order. As part of the agreement, the U.S. District Court for the 
District of Hawaii ordered NMFS to take several actions, including 
closing the Hawaii shallow-set longline fishery through December 31, 
2018. This rule implements the Court order to close the Hawaii shallow-
set longline fishery through December 31, 2018.

For complete FR notice, click here.